Bulgarian Rose Oil - Rose Otto
Known as the finest rose essence or "rose otto" in the world, the Bulgarian Rose Oil has been distilled for over 300 years. The exact origin of the damask rose can not be traced however there are fossil records which show roses have existed for millions of years. It is the oldest cultivated European plant in the United States and has been called the Queen of Flowers all over the world.
The Bulgarian Rose oil and Rose Water is distilled from the species - Rosa damascena Mill. , subfamily - Rosoideae, family - Rosaceae.
The cultivation of essential plants and especially of the oil-yielding Rosa Damascena in Bulgaria started around the end of the sixteenth century, beginning of the seventeenth century. During that period, Bulgaria was under Ottoman occupation. It is believed that Turkish merchants brought the Rosa Damascena to some Balkan countries for cultivation purposes. Bulgaria the first plantations appeared around the town of Kazanlak (in Turkish it means “the place of stills”). The climatic and soil condition of the Kazanlak area proved to be more favorable as compared to almost any other place. Gradually the number of rose plantations grew occupying a large area in central Bulgaria later called the Valley of Roses For more than 300 years, the Bulgarian Rose Valley is considered the world center for Rose Oil production due to its unique climatic and soil conditions.
The oil-yielding rose is very
sensitive to different climatic and soil conditions in terms of production of
high quality rose essential oil.That is
why there is a limited climatic area suitable for rose growing. In Bulgaria,
the best area for growing roses is the Kazanlak area called the
On average, Rosa damascena will yield 1 kilo of oil per 4,000 kilos of flowers using modern distillation processes....
Raining Photo Kaloian Stoev
Although there are over 10,000 varieties of rose, surprisingly few of them impart a noticeable fragrance.